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Component

Used In

  • Architecture
  • Package

Reference Manual

VHDL-93:
  • Section 4.5
  • Section 1.1.1.1
  • Section 1.1.1.2

Syntax

component component_name is
    generic (
        generic_list
    );
    port (
        port_list
    );
end component [component_name];

Rules and Examples

The port list must define the name, the mode (i.e.direction) and the type of each port on the component.

component HALFADD is
    port (
        A,B : in bit;
        SUM, CARRY : out bit
    );
end component;

A component declaration does not define the entity-architecture pair to be bound to each instance, or even the ports on the entity. These are defined by the configuration.

In an architecture, components must be declared before the begin statement:

architecture STRUCTURAL of FULLADD is

    -- (local signal declarations here)

    component ORGATE is
        port (
            A, B : in bit;
            Z : out bit
        );
    end component;

    -- (other component declarations)

begin

    -- the architecture contents

end STRUCTURAL;

A component declared in a package is visible in any architecture which uses the package, and need not be declared again.

For a component with generics, these must be declared before the ports. They do not have a mode, as by definition they can only pass information into the entity:

component PARITY is
    generic (
        N : integer
    );
    port (
        A : in  std_ulogic_vector(N-1 downto 0);
        ODD : out std_ulogic
    );
end component;

An entity-architecture pair can be instantiated directly. In this case a component declaration is not required. This is more compact, but does not allow the flexibility of configuration. See Component Instantiation.

Synthesis Issues

Component declarations are supported for synthesis, providing the port types are acceptable to the logic synthesis tool. Usually, only generics of type integer are supported. Whether a synthesis tool will “flatten through” a component, treat is as a “black box”, or recognize it as a primitive is usually under the user’s control.

See Also