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Selected Signal Assignment

Used In

  • Architecture

Reference Manual

VHDL-93:
  • Section 9.5.2

Syntax

with expression select
    signal_name <= expression_1 when choice_1,
                   expression_2 when choice_2;

Rules and Examples

The rules are the same as for the case statement, i.e. all possible choices must be included unless the others clause is used as the last choice:

architecture SEL of BRANCH is
begin
    with CMD select
        Z <= B when "00",
             C when "01",
             A when others;
end SEL;

A range or a selection may be specified as a choice:

with INT_A select
    Z <= A when 0,
         B when 1 to 3,
         C when 4|6|8,
         D when others;

As with the case statement, choices may not overlap:

with INT_A select
    Z <= A  when 0,
         B  when 1 to 3,
         C  when 2|6|8,   --illegal
        'X' when others;

As with the case statement, there is no implied priority to the choices:

architecture COND of BYTE is
    type BYTE_POS is (LOWER, UPPER);
    signal SEL: BYTE_POS;
begin
    with SEL select
        OBUS <= REG(0 to 7)  when LOWER,
                REG(8 to 15) when UPPER;
end COND;

The expressions assigned may be delayed. Transport delay mode may also be specified.

Any signal assignment may have an optional label.

The unaffected keyword indicates a choice where the signal is not given a new assignment. This is roughly equivalent to the use of the null statement within case:

label: with expression select
    signal <= expression_1 when choice_1 ,
              expression_2 when choice_2 ,
                unaffected when others;

The keywords inertial and reject may also be used in a selected signal assignment.

A selected signal assignment can be specified to run as a postponed process.

Synthesis Issues

Selected signal assignments are generally synthesizable.

A selected signal assignment will usually result in combinational logic being generated. Assignments to ā€˜Zā€™ will normally generate tri-state drivers. Assignment to ā€˜Xā€™ may not be supported.

If a signal is conditionally assigned to itself, latches may be inferred.